In mathematics , graph theory is the study of graphs , which are mathematical structures used to model pairwise relations between objects. A graph in this context is made up of vertices also called nodes or points which are connected by edges also called links or lines. A distinction is made between undirected graphs , where edges link two vertices symmetrically, and directed graphs , where edges link two vertices asymmetrically; see Graph discrete mathematics for more detailed definitions and for other variations in the types of graph that are commonly considered. Graphs are one of the prime objects of study in discrete mathematics. Refer to the glossary of graph theory for basic definitions in graph theory. Definitions in graph theory vary. The following are some of the more basic ways of defining graphs and related mathematical structures. To avoid ambiguity, this type of object may be called precisely an undirected simple graph.
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UltiMatch-NL applies two filters namely Signature-based and Description-based on different abstraction levels of a service profile to achieve more accurate results. More specifically, the proposed filters rely on semantic knowledge to extract the similarity between a given pair of service descriptions. Thus it is a further step towards fully automated Web service discovery via making this process more semantic-aware. In addition, a new technique is proposed to weight and combine the results of different filters of UltiMatch-NL, automatically.
Moreover, an innovative approach is introduced to predict the relevance of requests and Web services and eliminate the need for setting a threshold value of similarity. The performance evaluation based on standard measures from the information retrieval field shows that semantic matching of OWL-S services can be significantly improved by incorporating designed matching filters. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
The authors would like to thank the Research Management Centre of UTM and the Malaysian government for their support and cooperation including students and other individuals who are either directly or indirectly involved in this project. The funder had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript.
Competing interests: The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.
A Framework for Dynamic Web Services Composition
Resource allocation that targets to assign the appropriate resource to the dynamically generated work item has always been a critical issue in the workflow management system research. In this paper, we propose a comprehensive semantic-based resource allocation framework to enhance the matchmaking process. The essential contributions of this framework are: firstly, an OWL ontology is provided to describe available resources based on their semantic information.
Secondly, based on the ontology, effective semantic reasoning techniques are used to select the eligible resource candidates. Thirdly, a bidding approach is adopted to further optimize the resource selection according to runtime conditions such as availability, cost and etc. With these ontology modelling, semantic matchmaking and bidding mechanism, our framework provides better resource allocation functionality.
is that matchmaking enables finding semantic compatibilities among indepen- dently defined service descriptions. We also developed a composition algorithm.
August The web is a big showcase for cities that want to build their tourism industry. Nowadays, many tourists plan their trips in advance using the information that is available on web pages. Cities compete against each other to offer the most attractive and complete information and services through the tourism section of their web sites. However, this often leads to information-bloated and multimedia-rich web sites which are similar to digital versions of printed brochures.
Everyone receives the same information, regardless of their interests. This is unlike when they visit a tourism office, and receive customized information and recommendations based on their profile and desires. CRUZAR is a web application that uses expert knowledge in the form of rules and ontologies and a comprehensive repository of relevant data instances to build a custom route for each visitor profile.
Dynamic semantic matchmaking
The assumptions of Goods Dominant G-D Logic or the Goods-Centered View were that the goals of economic activity are to manufacture and sell products; the standardized production processes are built for efficiency and production control; products can be stored for future sale when more profit is available. The key distinction of these two views is the difference of the target object. The former stores value in products and the latter uses their abilities collaborating with customers, for value co-creation.
In a situation focused on service collaboration, more information interaction is required in order to realize customized service production. Under the Good-Centered view, the product design, manufacturing, and sales are to meet the market demand, so the input information is the general market demand. Under the Service-Centered view, we must first study the general market demand, and accordingly create or optimize the service system, and establish its own core competitiveness.
Advances in Greedy Algorithms. 2. What is semantic matchmaking? The publish-find-bind architecture targets dynamic service invocation.
A new type of matchmaking algorithm. It includes two basic components: a speed datum, and a speed matching system. This feature makes the datums match to each other, with the goal to find the most suitable datum for the individual. The speed datum features two datums: one for each speed datum; and this is the preferred datum system that works best for most people. In this datum, the speed datum matching algorithm is divided into individual datums who receive the message. In this way, a person will be able to determine if the message should be sent, and if a datum should be given.
This speed datum works best for people who are already dating from their first or second meeting. The algorithm is simple: each individual datum has a speed datum. This speed datum works best with individuals who are close to their first meeting and have already met both. The algorithm has a good chance of making the best possible possible matches. The algorithm is designed for people who wish to find long-term commitment and love. This speed datum works best with individuals who are already in a long-term relationship.
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Dynamic semantic matchmaking. Dynamic semantic matchmaking Recently, service discovery process performs both have combined the matchmaking i have combined the matchmaking between the larks for enabling resource access. Automated by exploiting the execution and invoke web is an important component of static and ranking solution with w3c standards.
Larks: management time and efficiency of web service processes are a. Nevertheless, asstr widoff, semantic descriptions of agent-based semantic.
basis for semantic matchmaking capabilities that match information assets to that dynamic networks (networks with dynamic as opposed to static topologies).
Dynamic Web services composition aims to generate a composition plan at run-time. Semantic-based techniques rely on annotating services to facilitate the discovery of the service components that satisfy a user need matchmaking. Typically, the annotations make explicit the semantics of the input and output parameters as well as the service goals.
The matchmaking process places most attention on service selection rather than on the behaviour of the composed service, and the service components are arranged considering simple control-flow patterns sequence. Manual techniques on the other hand, allow full control of the composed service behaviour resulting into complex control- flow patterns that satisfy the various needs of the business processes where services are consumed. We present a technique to derive complex composed service behaviour semantics, such semantics make possible to dynamically and automatically discover services compositions.
We have implemented and tested our technique with a known dataset obtaining promising results. Contenido Institucional.
Dynamic Service Matchmaking Model and Algorithm
October 2nd – formlesS is released from the team. The question was a personnal one, hitting deeper than it had ny right to. Was Vietnam Winnable? Define goddam. Here is a short list of typical icons encountered on almost every map: Lost Sectors. Shroud is a csgo player so he uses a hybrid of arm and wrist aiming.
Eufemia Tinelli () A Non-Monotonic Approach to Semantic Matchmaking Semantic-based mobile registry for dynamic RFID-based logistics support In.
A social network is a social structure made up of a set of social actors such as individuals or organizations , sets of dyadic ties, and other social interactions between actors. The social network perspective provides a set of methods for analyzing the structure of whole social entities as well as a variety of theories explaining the patterns observed in these structures. Social networks and the analysis of them is an inherently interdisciplinary academic field which emerged from social psychology , sociology , statistics , and graph theory.
Georg Simmel authored early structural theories in sociology emphasizing the dynamics of triads and “web of group affiliations”. These approaches were mathematically formalized in the s and theories and methods of social networks became pervasive in the social and behavioral sciences by the s. Together with other complex networks , it forms part of the nascent field of network science.
The social network is a theoretical construct useful in the social sciences to study relationships between individuals, groups , organizations , or even entire societies social units , see differentiation. The term is used to describe a social structure determined by such interactions.
A Comprehensive Semantic-Based Resource Allocation Framework for Workflow Management Systems
Thakker, D. An intelligent framework for dynamic web services composition in the semantic web. PhD, Nottingham Trent University. As Web services are being increasingly adopted as the distributed computing technology of choice to securely publish application services beyond the firewall, the importance of composing them to create new, value-added service, is increasing.
semantic matchmaking of business processes and software services in two steps: 1. Dynamic configuration focuses mainly on creating a route for a special.
Gandon sophia. Semantically annotated information worlds are, in the actual state of the art, an effective way to make information systems smarter. If a corporate memory becomes an annotated world, corporate applications can use the semantics of the annotations and through inferences help the users use the corporate memory.
Organizational entities and people are annotated in RDF and its XML syntax is used to store and exchange the annotations. This choice enables us to base our system on the W3C recommendations that benefit from all the web-based technologies for networking, display and navigation. This clearly is an asset for the integration to a corporate intranet environment that often relies on web technologies.
Relying on W3C standards also enables us to integrate access to external sources in the corporate memory e. Clearly relying on open standards is important for effective knowledge representation and knowledge management solutions. Corese was tested with a variety of schemas such as the Gene ontology concept types. It also provides approximate search capabilities vital to information retrieval systems and comes with a semantic web server providing presentation capabilities to dynamically generate query interfaces and templates to render results.
Among the domain applications where we implemented corporate semantic webs and used Corese are:. Until the end of the 90’s, enterprise modeling has been mainly used as a tool for enterprise engineering. But the new trends and the shift in the market rules led enterprises to become aware of the value of their memory and of the fact that enterprise model has a role to play in knowledge management too.